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■  Most of the citrus fruit information has been derived from the book 'Citrus for Everyone'

      by Ian Tolley and Bruce Morphett.


■  Digital images have been provided by John Poole, Andrew Thompson, Rob White,

      Jason Smith, Ray Hooker, Andrew Roberts, Steve Carapetis, Jason Prinz,

      Ben Waddelow, Robert Brew, Deb Cantrill, Tim Sansom, Damian Mansfield,

      Dennis Ting, Harry Harrison, Kay Loechel, Kate Hubmayer, Rosanne Parker,

      Jill Phelps, Gavin Hart.


■  Articles have been written or transcribed by RFS members.


■  Adelaide City Map and info provided by The Adelaide Convention & Tourism Authority.





■  All images and information on this site may be reproduced by individuals and clubs who

      wish to further their education on fruit growing.


■  Some of the material in the Members Area of this site has been reproduced from articles

      and images provided by past members from currently unknown sources.


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The advice provided on this site is intended as a guide only. The Rare Fruit Society does not guarantee that the the information contained herein is necessarily appropriate to your particular problem and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying entirely on this information.




Rare Fruit Society of South Australia Incorporated Rules

1 The name of the Society is “Rare Fruit Society of South Australia Incorporated”.

2 The objectives of the Society are the development and promotion of interest in and understanding of the propagation, preservation and cultivation of rare and unusual food trees and plants.
The undertaking of all reasonable steps to achieve these objectives up to and including those powers stated in clauses 18 and 19.

3 Membership of the Society shall be in the categories of Patron, Members, Honorary Members and Honorary Life Members and such other categories as the Committee of Management may determine.
4 The Committee of Management may invite any person to become a Patron Member of the Society. Upon acceptance of such invitation the person(s) invited shall forthwith become a Patron Member. Patron Members shall be honorary positions not subject to paying annual subscriptions.
5 Members shall be any persons with an interest in the Society’s objectives and who apply for membership and pay the prescribed annual subscriptions. Membership can be either as Single Members or Family Members.
6 Honorary Members shall be any persons deemed fit by the Committee of Management during temporary residence in South Australia not exceeding six months. Honorary Members shall have the privileges of Members except they will not be qualified to be Officers or elected or co-opted to the Committee of Management or to vote as members and will not be required to pay subscriptions.
7 Honorary Life Members shall be any persons of renown or who have given long and valuable service to the Society as recommended by the Committee of Management and ratified by a General Meeting. Honorary Life Members shall have all the privileges of membership but shall not be required to pay subscriptions.

8 Annual subscriptions for each year commencing on 1st April and ending on 31st March shall be determined at the Annual General Meeting as provided in Rule 24 and shall be due and payable forthwith on such determination. In the absence of a specific determination at the Annual General Meeting all subscriptions will continue at the previous rates until varied by a General Meeting.
9 Membership of the Society shall be suspended for any Member whose subscriptions remain unpaid on 31st August next following the Annual General Meeting at which they were determined. Suspended members will not be eligible to vote at Society meetings until re-admitted as provided for hereunder.
10 Any Member whose membership has been suspended in accordance with the foregoing Rule or any other reason may be re-admitted with the approval of the Committee of Management and subject to conditions of payment of subscription arrears as determined by the Committee of Management.

11 All members shall be entitled to:
a) Admission to all General Meetings, lectures, field trips and presentations arranged by the Society.
b) Free use of the Society’s library of reference materials and such other property as the Committee of Management may from time to time determine.
c) Receive free of charge one copy of the Society’s Rules publications printed notes annual reports and financial statements.
d) Submit for sale, trade or exchange at the Society’s meetings plants, plant materials and products under conditions as may be determined from time to time by the Committee of Management.
e) Vote at any Annual General or Special General Meeting of the Society. A Single Member will be entitled to one vote and Family Membership will entitle two persons to vote; and,
f) Participate in all general activities of the Society.

Committee of Management
12 Direction, management and administration of the Society shall be vested in a Committee of Management elected at Annual General Meetings normally consisting of -
a) A President;
b) A Vice-President;
c) An Honorary Secretary;
d) An Honorary Treasurer;
e) Any other positions as determined by the Committee of Management;
f) A Committee of not less than four (4) and not more than eight (8) members.
13 The Committee of Management may appoint sub-committees as deemed necessary.
14 All elected members of the Committee of Management shall retire annually at the Annual General Meeting but shall be eligible for re-election at that meeting.
15 In the event of the election of a new person as President the immediate past President shall be invited to serve on the Committee ex-officio with full voting rights, for a period not exceeding twelve (12) months.
16 The outgoing committee shall appoint a Returning Officer who shall seek nominations of willing Society Members for elected Society positions from the floor at the Annual General Meeting.
17 The Committee of Management may fill any extraordinary vacancy by co-opting any willing Society Members.

18 The powers of the Society shall be the powers contained in the Associations Incorporations Act and without limiting those powers the Society shall be entitled to hold real or personal property, open and operate bank accounts, invest in trustee securities, and enter into any necessary or desirable contract including a contract of employment.
19 The Committee shall be entitled to exercise the full powers of the Society, and without limiting those powers shall have the management and control of the funds and other property of the Society, provided that the Committee must obtain the approval of a General Meeting before borrowing money or securing any payment by charging the property of the Society.

Proceedings of The Committee of Management
20 The Committee of Management shall meet on a regular basis not less than five (5) times per annum to conduct the affairs of the Society.
21 Not less than fifty percent (50%) of members of the Committee of Management shall form a quorum and the President shall take the chair. In the President’s absence the Vice-president shall chair and in the absence of the Vice-president the meeting shall elect a chair from the other Officers present. Every resolution proposed shall be moved and seconded and in the event of the votes for and against it being equal the chair shall have a casting vote in addition to a deliberative vote.

Honorary Secretary
22 The Honorary Secretary shall conduct all correspondence issue notices of meetings conduct the ballots keep the minutes and the list of members direct the servants of the Society and shall surrender to the Committee of Management when required all books and documents belonging to or relating to the Society.

Honorary Treasurer
23 The Honorary Treasurer shall receive all moneys due to the Society and shall forthwith pay them into an agreed financial institution to the credit of the Society pay all claims passed by the Committee of Management and prepare a statement of receipts and expenditure for each meeting of the Committee of Management and for the Annual General meeting. All accounts shall be paid by cheque signed by the Honorary Treasurer and one other office bearer approved as a bank signatory, or other method approved by the committee of management. The Honorary Treasurer shall produce the books of account with all entries duly made when called upon to do so and shall hand to the Committee of Management when required all books and documents belonging to or relating to the Society.

Seal Holders
24 The Seal Holders of the Society shall be the President, Vice-president, Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer. The Honorary Secretary and any one other of the Seal Holders shall be the persons authorised to use the Common Seal of the Society.
25 A Public Officer shall be appointed by the Committee of Management.

General Meetings
26 The Society will aim to hold General Meetings once every two (2) months at a time and place to be determined by the Committee of Management.
27 Resolutions shall be passed by a majority vote of eligible voting members present at General and other meetings.
28 One such bi-monthly meeting shall be the Annual General Meeting of the Society which shall be held as close as possible but in any case prior to 1st April each year at a time to be fixed by the Committee of Management for the following purposes;
a) To receive from the Committee of Management a report and balance sheet (to be duly audited by an auditor) for the preceding financial year;
b) To elect the Committee of Management;
c) To determine the subscriptions for the following year;
d) To appoint an Auditor for the following year;
e) To transact any other business which may be brought forward by the Committee of Management or which may be duly submitted to the meeting as hereinafter provided.
29 Any member wanting to move a resolution at any Annual or Special General Meeting shall give notice thereof in writing stating clearly the terms of such resolution to the Honorary Secretary not less than twenty one (21) days before the date of such meeting.
30 The Committee of Management may by its own resolution at any time for any special purpose convene a Special General Meeting and it shall do so forthwith upon requisition in writing from four (4) Members of the Society stating the purposes for which the meeting is required. Wherever possible Special General Meetings will be arranged to coincide with a normal or Annual General meeting.
31 Fourteen (14) days at least before the Annual General Meeting or any Special General Meeting a notice of such meeting shall be distributed to every Member.
32 The President shall chair General Meetings of the Society. In the absence of the President the Vice-President or in the absence of the Vice-President another Officer elected by the meeting shall chair the meeting. Every financial member shall be entitled to vote upon every motion (Subject to Rules 3, 5 and 7). When entitled to vote every member including the chair shall have one vote. Where the votes for and against any resolution are equal the chair shall have a casting vote in addition to a deliberative vote.
33 The quorum at all General Annual and Special Meetings shall be twenty (20) voting members.
34 Visitors may be permitted to attend meetings of the Society under conditions determined by the Committee of Management. Visitors will not be eligible to vote on resolutions presented and discussed at Society meetings.

Non-profit Association
35 The Society is not to be carried on for the purpose of profit or gain to individual members or relatives of members thereof. Accordingly, if upon the winding up or dissolution of the Society there remains after the satisfaction of all its debts and liabilities any property whatsoever the same shall not be paid to or distributed amongst the members of the Society but shall be given or transferred to some institution or institutions having objectives similar to the objectives of the Society and which shall prohibit the distribution of its or their income and property among its or their members or to such public charitable institution or institutions to be determined by the members of the Society at or before the time of dissolution and in default thereof by such Judge of the Supreme Court of South Australia as may have or acquire jurisdiction in the matter.

Winding Up Of Society
36 In the event of the Society being wound up in accordance with the provisions of the Associations Incorporation Act 1985, the assets remaining after the satisfaction of all debts and liabilities shall be distributed as follows:
a) In the first instance the Society’s archives and library would be offered to the Mortlock Library of South Australia.
b) Items and assets remaining shall be offered for transfer to another society with similar aims, provided also that such organization is incorporated or otherwise prohibits the distribution of property amongst its members.

Alteration To Rules
37 These Rules may be added to repealed or amended by resolution at any Annual or Special General Meeting provided that no such resolution shall be deemed to have been passed unless it be carried by a majority of at least two thirds of the votes of the members present who are eligible to vote.
38 Details of proposed amendments to these Rules must be presented in writing to the previous general meeting.

Interpretation of Rules
39 The Committee of Management is the sole authority for the interpretation of these Rules and the decision of the Committee of Management upon any question of interpretation or upon any matter affecting the Society and not provided for by these Rules shall be final and binding on the members.
40 The Rules existing heretofore are hereby repealed and the above Rules are substituted therefore provided that the repeal shall not retrospectively affect any rights status or obligations under the rules hereby repealed except so far as provided for by the above Rules.



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